Leicestershire & Rutland Historic Environment Record

Leicestershire CC HNET

10/07/2019


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ID Name
MLE3475 Chief Preceptory of the Order of St Lazarus
MLE3480 Earthworks including buildings at St. Mary & St. Lazarus's Hospital
MLE3484 Spa opposite Lime Street, Burton Lazars
MLE3489 Little Dalby Hall
MLE3494 Fishpond near Little Dalby Hall
MLE3495 Garden at Little Dalby Hall
MLE3497 Windmill at Mill Hill, Little Dalby
MLE3501 Windmill south of Great Dalby
MLE5943 Great Dalby historic settlement core
MLE8789 Medieval and post-medieval remains, Ivydene Barn, Burrough End
MLE8800 Little Dalby post-medieval settlement core
MLE10489 Medieval/post-medieval pottery from 19, Nether End, Great Dalby
MLE10624 Post-medieval quarrying at Hartopp Court
MLE11694 COTTAGE AT PINFOLD FARM, BURROUGH END, GREAT DALBY
MLE16075 Great Northern & London & North Western Joint Railway
MLE20538 Mansion House, St. Mary and St. Lazarus's Hospital
MLE20550 Medieval river crossing, Burton Brook
MLE20656 Turnpike Road, Nottingham to Kettering
MLE20860 Historic routeway, Hose to Burrough Hill
MLE21198 Medieval/post-medieval pottery from Cow Pasture
MLE21200 Medieval and post-medieval pottery from near Moscow Farm
MLE21202 Post-medieval finds from north-west of Burrough Hill
MLE22525 Site of Pear Tree Farm, 1-5, Top End, Great Dalby
MLE23494 Site of post-medieval house, 35, Main Street, Great Dalby

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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE3475
Name: Chief Preceptory of the Order of St Lazarus
Map Sheet: SK71NE
Grid Reference: Centred SK 763 167 (488m by 489m)
Summary: The chief Lazar House (leper hospital) in England, founded 1138-62, accidentally burnt in the C14th and dissolved in 1546. It is said that elaborate waterways were constructed to make use of 'healing springs'. Earthworks include a garden, buildings, a moat and ponds.
Description: Scheduled Monument description:
The monument at Burton Lazars is situated on the west side of the village, 2km south of Melton Mowbray. It consists of a medieval hospital complex which includes a moated site and two fishponds. The hospital complex is defined by a series of earthworks enclosed within a bank and ditch boundary which survives on all but the eastern side. The earthworks represent the foundations of buildings including the infirmary, chapel and domestic ranges. These are surrounded by an elaborate system of ditches and ponds, some of which appear to have been used for treating the sick and infirm. The boundary ditch is about 0.5m deep and 6m wide, with a bank about 0.5m high located on the inside. In the north-east corner of the complex is a moated site believed to be contemporary with the hospital. This moat is partly waterfilled and the site measures 100m x 80m in overall dimensions. The southern arm of the ditch is now a dredged-out pond, whilst the remaining arms are up to 10m wide and 2m deep. The moat island has an internal bank all round, and displays slight evidence of medieval ridge and furrow ploughing, indicating that it was cultivated after abandonment. To the north of this are two long, partly waterfilled fishponds, measuring approximately 80m x 15m, which are connected to the moat by a channel on the eastern side. Burton Lazars was the principal English hospital of the monastic order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem, a military order especially devoted to the foundation and protection of Christian leper hospitals. It was founded by Robert de Mowbray between 1138-62 but was burned down in the 14th century and dissolved in 1546. The elaborate system of waterways is thought to have been used for curative bathing and inspired an attempt to make Burton a spa c.1760. Excavations were undertaken on the building foundations by Charles Lindsay and the Duke of Rutland in 1913, when a large piece of pavement was uncovered, and a group of 'round ovens' which have been interpreted as tile kilns.

The site was probably never a leper hospital - confusion may have arisen because the site was associated with the monastic order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem.  <1>

The earthworks on site were surveyed in the 1980/90s(?).  <2>

In the C12th Burton Lazars had two open fields adding up to 2,800 acres; the preceptory was on a 50 acre site carved out from the area under cultivation. It appears that the site was never a leper hospital. The site had was an emphasis on agriculture, with fishponds, workshops and barns. Documents show that by 1291 the chief preceptory at Burton was administering dependencies in several parts of the country (including the leper hospital at Tilton, Cold Newton).  <4>

Sources

Number Reference
<1> Unpublished document: Sites and Monuments Record. Parish File. Burton & Dalby 71NE AD
<2> Bibliographic reference: Hartley R F. 1987. The Medieval Earthworks of North-East Leicestershire. p7 & p24
<3> Bibliographic reference: Bourne T & Marcombe D. 1987. The Burton Lazars Cartulary: a Medieval Leicestershire Estate.
<4> Bibliographic reference: Marcombe, David. 2003. Leper Knights: The Order of St Lazarus of Jerusalem in England, c.1150-1544.

Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Melton Mowbray, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



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Designations

Type/Grade Reference/Title
SHINE Medieval earthworks south of Leper Hospital west of Burton Lazars
Scheduled Monument 1012242 ST MARY AND ST LAZARUS HOSPITAL, MOATED SITE AND TWO FISHPONDS, BURTON LAZARS

Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Old SMR Ref 71NE AD
SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Associated Activities/Events

Event ID Name/Ref Organisation Description
ELE1070 Earthwork survey of St. Mary and St. Lazarus's Hospital Centre for Local History, University of Nottingham
ELE3476 1983 earthwork survey, St. Mary and St. Lazarus Hospital Leicestershire Museums Service

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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE3480
Name: Earthworks including buildings at St. Mary & St. Lazarus's Hospital
Map Sheet: SK71NE
Grid Reference: Centred SK 764 167 (155m by 132m)
Summary: Earthwork remains including traces of building foundations, surveyed in the 1980s. This is the only part of the surveyed area that appeared to be anything other than garden earthworks. Two buildings were recorded during further survey work in 1996.
Description: During dredging work in July 1996 two areas of wall foundation were noted to the west of the south-eastern arm of the moat. <1>
Investigations in 1996 recorded parch marks of at least two buildings with very thick walls. <2>

Sources

Number Reference
<1> Unpublished document: Pollard, R. 1996. An archaeological watching brief at the Hospital of St. Mary and St. Lazarus, Burton Lazars.
<2> Unpublished document: Allsop, J & Hatton, M. 1996. A ground survey of crop (parch) marks on the earthwork site of the medieval order of St Lazarus.

Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



Find Types



Designations

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Scheduled Monument 1012242 ST MARY AND ST LAZARUS HOSPITAL, MOATED SITE AND TWO FISHPONDS, BURTON LAZARS

Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Old SMR Ref 71NE AD
SHINE Candidate (Possible)

Associated Activities/Events

Event ID Name/Ref Organisation Description
ELE1070 Earthwork survey of St. Mary and St. Lazarus's Hospital Centre for Local History, University of Nottingham
ELE3476 1983 earthwork survey, St. Mary and St. Lazarus Hospital Leicestershire Museums Service
ELE5518 An archaeological watching brief at the Hospital of St. Mary and St. Lazarus, Burton Lazars Leicestershire Museums Service
ELE8392 A ground survey of crop (parch) marks on the earthwork site of the medieval order of St Lazarus Melton Fieldworkers

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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE3484
Name: Spa opposite Lime Street, Burton Lazars
Map Sheet: SK71NE
Grid Reference: SK 768 167 (point)
Summary: There is a well marked on the 1st edition OS map and a building shown on the early C19th Surveyor's drawing. This may be the site of the bath (spa) with 'ancient cross' nearby that Nichols refers to. He connects them to the Lazar House but does not locate them.
Description: Nichols says there were plans in the late C18th to demolish the spa and build a grander bath house, but this never happened. He related many tales of remarkable healings.
Various people in the village remembered the spa as being directly opposite Lime Street/to the rear of the houses in The Close. Several of them remembered a weir and a low wall. There was apparently, 'an unaccountable hump of ground immediately adjacent to this spot, of some dimension'. <1 & 2>
John Ward in his Chronology of Melton Mowbray (1889) said, "So late as 1849, that which remained of the old bath and well, was taken down and by order of the Lord of the Manor, the spring was arched over and is now covered with soil so that the exact place of the bath and site of the spring are known but to a few."

Sources

Number Reference
<1> Bibliographic reference: Rothery, Constance D. 1980. Burton Lazars. p31
<2> Unpublished document: Sites and Monuments Record. Parish File. MLE3483, Burton & Dalby

Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



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Designations


Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Old SMR Ref 71NE BD
SHINE Candidate (No)

Associated Activities/Events


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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE3489
Name: Little Dalby Hall
Map Sheet: SK71SE
Grid Reference: Centred SK 775 134 (94m by 64m)
Summary: The house was begun in c. 1580 by the Hartopps. A west wing was added in 1682, an east wing in 1816, when the centre was rebuilt and the front was remodelled in a Tudor Gothic style. It was almost entirely demolished and rebuilt on a smaller scale in 1951.
Description:

Sources


Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



Find Types



Designations


Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Old SMR Ref 71SE C
SHINE Candidate (Possible)

Associated Activities/Events


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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE3494
Name: Fishpond near Little Dalby Hall
Map Sheet: SK71SE
Grid Reference: Centred SK 774 134 (32m by 42m) (Approximate)
Summary: Amongst the earthworks surveyed in 1984 there is a fishpond, which probably dates to the C17th-C18th.
Description:

Sources


Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



Find Types



Designations


Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Old SMR Ref 71SE H
SHINE Candidate (Possible)

Associated Activities/Events

Event ID Name/Ref Organisation Description
ELE1074 Around Little Dalby Hall and Church R F Hartley

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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE3495
Name: Garden at Little Dalby Hall
Map Sheet: SK71SE
Grid Reference: Centred SK 774 134 (283m by 297m) (Approximate)
Summary: Earthworks of a lansdcape garden, laid out around the Hall and over part of the village site in the C16th.
Description:

Sources


Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



Find Types



Designations


Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Old SMR Ref 71SE H
SHINE Candidate (No)

Associated Activities/Events

Event ID Name/Ref Organisation Description
ELE1074 Around Little Dalby Hall and Church R F Hartley

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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE3497
Name: Windmill at Mill Hill, Little Dalby
Map Sheet: SK71SE
Grid Reference: SK 770 135 (point)
Summary: Nichols mentions a mill in a close called 'Mill Hill', which had been abandoned in about 1750. It is not on Prior's 1777 map.
Description:

Sources


Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



Find Types



Designations


Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Old SMR Ref 71SE S
SHINE Candidate (Possible)

Associated Activities/Events


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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE3501
Name: Windmill south of Great Dalby
Map Sheet: SK71SW
Grid Reference: SK 747 135 (point)
Summary: A post-medieval windmill ('Dalby Mill') is shown on Prior's 1777 map, King 1806, Greenwood 1826, the OS 1" 1st edition and the early C19th Surveyor's map. A mound is visible in the field to the south-west of the area of quarrying that may be the mill mound.
Description:

Sources


Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



Find Types



Designations

Type/Grade Reference/Title
SHINE Medieval mound south of Great Dalby

Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Old SMR Ref 71SW M
SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Associated Activities/Events


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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE5943
Name: Great Dalby historic settlement core
Map Sheet: SK71SW
Grid Reference: Centred SK 743 143 (809m by 698m) (Approximate)
Summary: Medieval and post-medieval historic settlement core of the village, as deduced from landscape maps etc.
Description:

Sources

Number Reference
Map: Ordnance Survey. 1881-1890. 1:2,500 OS Epoch 1 Map.
Map: Ordnance Survey. 1814-1816. 2" to 1 mile Ordnance Surveyor's Drawings.

Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



Find Types



Designations

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Conservation Area Great Dalby
SHINE Medieval ridge and furrow earthworks south-east of Great Dalby
SHINE Medieval ridge and furrow earthworks north-west of Great Dalby

Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Old SMR Ref 71SW AS
Historic Core 141
SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Associated Activities/Events


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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE8789
Name: Medieval and post-medieval remains, Ivydene Barn, Burrough End
Map Sheet: SK71SW
Grid Reference: SK 743 141 (point)
Summary: During a watching brief in 1998 medieval and post-medieval remains were recorded including limestone foundations, stone masonry fragments that may be from the church, three sherds of medieval pottery, a possible medieval spindle whorl and C19th rubbish pits.
Description:

Sources

Number Reference
Unpublished document: Hatton, M. 1998. Watching brief at Ivydene Barn, Burrough End, Great Dalby.

Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



Find Types



Designations

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Conservation Area Great Dalby

Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Old SMR Ref 71SW BG
SHINE Candidate (Possible)

Associated Activities/Events

Event ID Name/Ref Organisation Description
ELE9531 1998 watching brief, Ivydene Barn Melton Fieldworkers

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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE8800
Name: Little Dalby post-medieval settlement core
Map Sheet: SK71SE
Grid Reference: Centred SK 775 141 (195m by 500m)
Summary: Early post-medieval historic core of Little Dalby village. The earlier (medieval) part of the village lay to the south around the Hall.
Description:

Sources


Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



Find Types



Designations


Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Old SMR Ref 71SE BA
Historic Core 200
SHINE Candidate (No)

Associated Activities/Events


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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE10489
Name: Medieval/post-medieval pottery from 19, Nether End, Great Dalby
Map Sheet: SK71SW
Grid Reference: Centred SK 745 145 (21m by 16m)
Summary: Various pieces of unstratified late medieval/post-medieval pottery were found during a watching brief.
Description: Report is in ADS Library: 10.5284/1001019 - http://dx.doi.org/10.5284/1001019  

Sources

Number Reference
Unpublished document: Harvey, James. 2004. An archaeological watching brief at 19, Nether End, Great Dalby.

Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



Find Types



Designations

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Conservation Area Great Dalby

Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
SHINE Candidate (Possible)

Associated Activities/Events

Event ID Name/Ref Organisation Description
ELE4070 An archaeological watching brief at 19, Nether End, Great Dalby (Ref: 03/0669/FUL) University of Leicester Archaeological Services

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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE10624
Name: Post-medieval quarrying at Hartopp Court
Map Sheet: SK71NE
Grid Reference: Centred SK 766 168 (11m by 17m)
Summary: An area of probable post-medieval quarrying was recorded during an evaluation in 2005.
Description: Report is in ADS Library: 10.5284/1003950 - http://dx.doi.org/10.5284/1003950  <1>

The 2005 trial trenching was noted in Transactions.  <2>

Sources

Number Reference
<1> Unpublished document: Burrow, Adrian. 2005. Archaeological evaluation at Melton Road, Burton Lazars.
<2> Journal: Leicestershire Archaeological and Historical Society. 2006. Transactions of the Leicestershire Archaeological and Historical Society, Volume 80. Vol 80 (2006), p231

Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



Find Types



Designations


Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
SHINE Candidate (Possible)

Associated Activities/Events

Event ID Name/Ref Organisation Description
ELE4183 2005 trial trenching at Melton Road, Burton Lazars (Ref: 03/0826/6) Northamptonshire Archaeology

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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE11694
Name: COTTAGE AT PINFOLD FARM, BURROUGH END, GREAT DALBY
Map Sheet: SK71SW
Grid Reference: Centred SK 744 141 (14m by 8m)
Summary: Site of a probable late C16th/C17th cottage with cruck blades showing internally. Demolished in the 1990s.
Description: Listed building description:
Cottage. Probably late C16/C17 with C19 rebuilding. Red brick with corrugated iron roof covering thatch and brick end stacks. One storey and attic; 3-window range of 1- and 3-light casements with cambered heads. Door under similar head to right of centre. Eyebrow dormer to left. 2-light attic casement on right end. Interior has open fireplace with timber-framed smoke hood and pair of cruck blades.
De-listed 31/01/2017. The building in Dalby was a late C16/C17 cottage with C19 rebuilding. It was constructed of red brick with corrugated iron roof covering and thatch. It was first Grade II listed on 22 August 1988. It was demolished at some time in the 1990s.

Building use: D (Domestic)
Number of cruck trusses: 2
Cruck type: C (true cruck)
Type of cruck apex: C (blades held by a saddle or yoke carrying only a ridge-piece (usually but not necessarily square-set))
Form of cruck blade: D (double or multiple curve)
Materials of structure when recorded: S (stone)
Personal information source: JCD (JC Davies)
Year added: 2004
(Information from VAG Cruck Database, 'http://dx.doi.org/10.5284/1031497', accessed 13/12/2016.)  <2>

Sources

Number Reference
<1> Unpublished document: 1990. Historic buildings report: Cottage at Pinfold Farm, Great Dalby, Burton and Dalby, Leicestershire.
<2> Digital archive: Vernacular Architecture Group. 2015, 2018. Cruck Database.

Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



Find Types



Designations

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Revoked: Listed Building (II) 1078229 COTTAGE AT PINFOLD FARM, BURROUGH END, GREAT DALBY
Conservation Area Great Dalby

Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
SHINE Candidate (Unlikely)

Associated Activities/Events

Event ID Name/Ref Organisation Description
ELE6118 1990 historic building survey, cottage at Pinfold Farm, Great Dalby, Burton and Dalby, Leicestershire RCHME

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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE16075
Name: Great Northern & London & North Western Joint Railway
Map Sheet: SK71NE
Grid Reference: Centred SK 776 163 (9753m by 49479m)
Summary: Line opened in 1879 running from Market Harborough to the GNR Nottingham/Grantham line (MLE16081). Passenger traffic was never high with people preferring the Midland route. Holiday trains to Skegness survived until 1962, when the line was finally closed.
Description: More info.  <1>

Sources

Number Reference
<1> Bibliographic reference: Leleux, Robin. 1984. A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain: Volume 9, The East Midlands. p93-4

Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Hallaton, Harborough, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Loddington, Harborough, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Lowesby, Harborough, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Marefield, Harborough, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Medbourne, Harborough, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Owston and Newbold, Harborough, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Bottesford, Melton, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Clawson, Hose and Harby, Melton, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Melton Mowbray, Melton, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Redmile, Melton, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Scalford, Melton, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Stathern, Melton, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Twyford and Thorpe, Melton, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Kirby Bellars, Melton, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Tilton on the Hill and Halstead, Harborough, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Blaston, Harborough, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Drayton, Harborough, Leicestershire
Civil Parish East Norton, Harborough, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



Find Types



Designations

Type/Grade Reference/Title
SHINE Medieval ridge and furrow and section of 19th century disused railway line, Plungar
SHINE Section of disused 19th century railway line, west of Melton Mowbray
SHINE Medieval ridge and furrow, below-ground Anglo-Saxon settlement remains and section of 19th century disused railway line, west of Blaston
SHINE Section of disused 19th century railway, Medbourne
SHINE Section of Great Northern & London & North Western Join Railway earthworks, C19th railway, Colborough Hill

Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Associated Activities/Events


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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE20538
Name: Mansion House, St. Mary and St. Lazarus's Hospital
Map Sheet: SK71NE
Grid Reference: SK 764 167 (point)
Summary: There is little evidence for the house though Nichols states that 'the mansion house… was blown down by an extraordinarily high wind in 1705'. It is possible that most of the earthwork remains are of gardens associated with the house rather than the Hospital.
Description: Sir Thomas Hartopp, knt. had property here in 1642, which long continued in his name and family.
The mansion house at Burton Lazars was blown down by an extraordinarily high wind in 1705.
On the death of Chiverton Hartopp, esq. in 1759; his property came to his daughters and coheiresses, Catharine and Mary.
<1>
During survey work in 1996 foundations were recorded to the east of the pond, and on the 'nose' of land in the pond a layer of in situ flagstones was noted as well as a roof slate and some old brick. It was thought that the pond could be a drowned cellar. <2>

Sources

Number Reference
<1> Bibliographic reference: Nichols J. The History and Antiquities of Leicestershire. Vol II, Part I (1795), p267-8
<2> Unpublished document: Allsop, J & Hatton, M. 1996. A ground survey of crop (parch) marks on the earthwork site of the medieval order of St Lazarus.

Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



Find Types



Designations

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Scheduled Monument 1012242 ST MARY AND ST LAZARUS HOSPITAL, MOATED SITE AND TWO FISHPONDS, BURTON LAZARS

Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
SHINE Candidate (Possible)

Associated Activities/Events

Event ID Name/Ref Organisation Description
ELE1070 Earthwork survey of St. Mary and St. Lazarus's Hospital Centre for Local History, University of Nottingham
ELE3476 1983 earthwork survey, St. Mary and St. Lazarus Hospital Leicestershire Museums Service
ELE8392 A ground survey of crop (parch) marks on the earthwork site of the medieval order of St Lazarus Melton Fieldworkers

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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE20550
Name: Medieval river crossing, Burton Brook
Map Sheet: SK71NE
Grid Reference: Centred SK 781 172 (42m by 29m)
Summary: Archaeological work in 2001 recovered several phases of river crossing thought to date from the medieval/early post-medieval period. The remains included stone foundations and walls and areas of cobbled surfaces. There may have been a bridge and a ford.
Description: Archaeological work in 2001 recorded several phases of activity. There is documentary evidence for a bridge here in the early C14th (Woodford Cartulary).
Phase I: Possible Roman crossing consisting of cobbled areas (see MLE20549).
Phase II: Limestone structure on the western bank. Two courses of well-faced limestone blocks formed the foundation, with two courses of some kind of superstructure on top. The foundations formed a neat, seemingly purposeful design, presumably designed to guide the water around the structure and minimise the pressure of flow. It was thought that the stone structure could have been an abutment to support an additional structure, perhaps a timber crossing.
Phase III: Bridge walls on the western and eastern banks, built from roughly hewn and faced limestone blocks. The main structural span of the bridge was missing, probably as a result of robbing.
Phase IV: A broad deposit of small to medium cobbles overlying the Phase III bridge structure. Numerous iron small finds, mostly large square headed rivets/nails and several horse shoes were found by metal detecting within the cobble layer. They may have been laid to consolidate the bank or as a ford crossing for when the water level was low.
Phase V: C18th/C19th disturbance caused by ploughing, pit digging, etc. <1>

Sources

Number Reference
<1> Unpublished document: Chapman, S. 2001. An archaeological Control and Supervision of Groundworks for Melton Flood Alleviation Scheme, Phase 1-Silt Traps..

Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



Find Types



Designations


Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
SHINE Candidate (Possible)
Old SMR Ref 71NE CX

Associated Activities/Events

Event ID Name/Ref Organisation Description
ELE5534 An archaeological control and supervision of Groundworks for Melton flood Alleviation scheme, Phase 1-Silt Traps, Leicestershire. University of Leicester Archaeological Services

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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE20656
Name: Turnpike Road, Nottingham to Kettering
Map Sheet: SK70NE
Grid Reference: Centred SK 783 092 (19059m by 33696m)
Summary: Turnpike road running from Nottingham to Kettering via Melton Mowbray, Oakham, Uppingham and Rockingham. Later became the A606 and A6003.
Description: 1753 Act of 1st Authorisation, turnpike expired 1873.  <1>

Sources

Number Reference
<1> Bibliographic reference: Arthur Cossons. 2003. The Turnpike Roads of Leicestershire and Rutland. p48 (Turnpike 11)
<2> Bibliographic reference: Welding, JD. 1984. Leicestershire in 1777. p26 & p28

Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Great Easton, Harborough, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Ab Kettleby, Melton, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Broughton and Old Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Melton Mowbray, Melton, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Somerby, Melton, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Ayston, Rutland
Civil Parish Barleythorpe, Rutland
Civil Parish Caldecott, Rutland
Civil Parish Egleton, Rutland
Civil Parish Gunthorpe, Rutland
Civil Parish Langham, Rutland
Civil Parish Lyddington, Rutland
Civil Parish Manton, Rutland
Civil Parish Oakham, Rutland
Civil Parish Preston, Rutland
Civil Parish Stoke Dry, Rutland
Civil Parish Uppingham, Rutland
Civil Parish Whissendine, Rutland

Monument/Component Types



Find Types



Designations

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Conservation Area Melton Mowbray
Conservation Area Uppingham
Conservation Area Oakham
Conservation Area Ab Kettleby

Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
SHINE Candidate (No)

Associated Activities/Events


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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE20860
Name: Historic routeway, Hose to Burrough Hill
Map Sheet: SK71NE
Grid Reference: Centred SK 7544 1994 (2024m by 16603m)
Summary: A historic routeway can be traced across the countryside, running from Burrough Hill, through Melton (along the back of Play Close), to Hose, following various parish boundaries, roads and footpaths. The excavated crossing point at Play Close, Melton had evidence of made ground in the late medieval/early post-medieval period.
Description:

Sources


Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Ab Kettleby, Melton, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Clawson, Hose and Harby, Melton, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Melton Mowbray, Melton, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Scalford, Melton, Leicestershire
Civil Parish Somerby, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



Find Types



Designations

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Conservation Area Melton Mowbray

Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
SHINE Candidate (No)

Associated Activities/Events


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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE21198
Name: Medieval/post-medieval pottery from Cow Pasture
Map Sheet: SK71SE
Grid Reference: SK 7511 1281 (point)
Summary: Fieldwalking in 2011 recovered medieval and post-medieval pottery in a general spread across the field.
Description:

Sources


Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



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Designations


Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
SHINE Candidate (No)

Associated Activities/Events

Event ID Name/Ref Organisation Description
ELE8937 2011 fieldwalking at 'Cow Pasture' Melton Fieldworkers

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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE21200
Name: Medieval and post-medieval pottery from near Moscow Farm
Map Sheet: SK71SE
Grid Reference: SK 7517 1255 (point)
Summary: During fieldwalking in 2011, late medieval pottery and a 'general spread' of post-medieval pottery was recovered, mostly concentrated on the western side of the field.
Description:

Sources

Number Reference
Journal: Leicestershire Archaeological and Historical Society. 2012. Transactions of the Leicestershire Archaeological and Historical Society, Volume 86. Vol 86 (2012), p222

Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



Find Types



Designations


Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
SHINE Candidate (No)

Associated Activities/Events

Event ID Name/Ref Organisation Description
ELE8936 2011 fieldwalking at 'Ashes' Melton Fieldworkers

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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE21202
Name: Post-medieval finds from north-west of Burrough Hill
Map Sheet: SK71SE
Grid Reference: SK 7557 1241 (point)
Summary: Fieldwalking in 2011 recovered modern glass, metal pieces, clay pipe and post-medieval pottery, with a concentration towards Moscow Farm and Lodge.
Description:

Sources

Number Reference
Journal: Leicestershire Archaeological and Historical Society. 2012. Transactions of the Leicestershire Archaeological and Historical Society, Volume 86. Vol 86 (2012), p222

Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



Find Types



Designations


Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
SHINE Candidate (No)

Associated Activities/Events

Event ID Name/Ref Organisation Description
ELE8935 2011 fieldwalking at Burrough Meadows Melton Fieldworkers

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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE22525
Name: Site of Pear Tree Farm, 1-5, Top End, Great Dalby
Map Sheet: SK71SW
Grid Reference: Centred SK 7415 1428 (57m by 54m)
Summary: Site of Pear Tree Farm, shown on the late C19th OS map. A photo was taken in one of the barns in 1981. By 1991 the farm had been demolished.
Description:

Sources


Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



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Designations

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Conservation Area Great Dalby

Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
SHINE Candidate (No)

Associated Activities/Events


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Record Details

ID (Preferred Ref.): MLE23494
Name: Site of post-medieval house, 35, Main Street, Great Dalby
Map Sheet: SK71SW
Grid Reference: Centred SK 7430 1420 (16m by 14m)
Summary: Site of a house (or two adjoining houses?) demolished in the 1990s. Brick with pantile roofs, gable end onto the street.
Description:

Sources


Location - Administrative Areas

Civil Parish Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire

Monument/Component Types



Find Types



Designations

Type/Grade Reference/Title
Conservation Area Great Dalby

Other Statuses and References

Type/Grade Reference/Title
SHINE Candidate (No)

Associated Activities/Events


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Metadata

Title:

Leicestershire & Rutland Historic Environment Record

Subject:

HER data

Keywords:

Leicestershire, Archaeology

Contact details
Contact name:Mrs Helen Wells
Contact organisation:LCC Historic & Natural Environment Team
Contact address:Room 400 County Hall Glenfield
Leicester
Leicestershire
LE3 8RA
United Kingdom
Contact tel:0116 305 8323
Contact fax:
Contact email:
Copyright
Copyright holder:Leicestershire County Council
Copyright year:2019
Copyright statement:
Access rights
Access rights granted to:Neighbourhood Plan
Conditions:
Date from:2019-07-10T00:00:00
Date to:
Statement:
Dataset origin
Source:HBSMR configured for Leicestershire CC HNET
Date created:2019-07-10T00:00:00
Spatial coverage
Admin area:Burton and Dalby, Melton, Leicestershire
Country:United Kingdom
Min X:
Min Y:
Max X:
Max Y:
Abstract

Post-medieval sites (not findspots) in Burton & Dalby parish.


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Export generated by HBSMR from exeGesIS SDM